Cartagena de Indias

foto-cartagena

Cartagena de Indias is a city or Cartagena Colombia, capital of the department of Bolivar. It is located on the Caribbean coast. Founded the first of June 1533 by Pedro de Heredia it’s the fifth city in terms of population (one million), behind Bogota, Medellin, Cali and Barranquilla. Since its inception and throughout colonial times, Cartagena was one of the most important ports of America and from this time it get the major part of its artistic and cultural heritage.

On November 11th 1821, Cartagena declared independence from Spain and it’s the national day celebrated in the city for four days and known as the ‘independence celebrations’

In time the city has developed its urban area. Preserving the historic site and becoming one of the most important ports of Colombia, it is now a popular tourist destination. Its historic center “Ciudad Amurallada” was declared National Heritage in 1959 and a World Heritage Site by Unesco in 1984. In 2007, its colonial architecture was crowned “the fourth wonder of Colombia”.